In the last few weeks this has all changed. Chad has announced they are going to be pulling their troops out of Mali. The Chadian President announced, "Chad's army has no ability to face the kind of guerrilla fighting that is emerging in northern Mali. Our soldiers are going to return to Chad. They have accomplished their mission,''(Aljazeera). The Chadian military has suffered casualties from multiple suicide bomber attacks recently (Aljazeera).
France is also making plans to pull troops out of Mali. They plan to pull out half of the current troops by early July this year. They continue to encourage the democratic election that is also scheduled for early July (Aljazeera). Malians have continued to support the French presence in Mali.
A Malian man showing his support for the French intervention
Mali has asked the UN to send troops on a peacekeeping mission to make up for all of the international forces that are leaving. “A senior UN official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said the operation would be the fourth largest UN peacekeeping force and cost up to $800m annually” (Aljazeera).
Is more intervention really what Mali needs? As talked about in Salehyan, Gleditsch, and Cunningham’s article “Explain External Support for Insurgent Groups”, intervention has the potential to lengthen a conflict. This is what appears to be happening in Mali. The Tuareg rebels continue to claim the North as an independent state and Islamic Extremists are still fighting back from positions in the vast Northern deserts. The intervention has pushed the extremists out of the cities but France and Chad are now planning on leaving. Before the intervention the extremists were winning the fight and it makes sense that they will gain power again once the foreign militaries leave. A UN peacekeeping mission will be costly and beneficial results from it are far from guaranteed.
Agencies. "France urges Mali to stick to election date" Aljazeera. April 6, 2013.
Agencies. "UN 'considers' peacekeeper deployment in Mali" Aljazeera. April 15, 2013.
Agencies. "Chad to pull its troops from war-torn Mali" Aljazeera. April 15, 2013.
Salehyan, Gleditsch, and Cunningham. “Explain External Support for Insurgent Groups”International Organization (2011).