|Lebanese Parliament (Wikipedia)|
The main reasons behind Miqati’s resignation include the inability of the cabinet to agree to extend the term of the Internal Security Forces chief. This is extremely important in times when the security situation is tenuous at best, not to mention the chief was opposed to Assad’s regime in Syria and there were fears someone loyal to Assad would be installed in his place. Additionally, the cabinet was unable to on the makeup of a commission to oversee elections, which were due to happen in June. Due to deep divisions in Lebanon, Miqati has twice threatened to resign in the past, leading UK Prime Minister David Cameron to personally intervene and convince Miqati to remain in power.
Next is choosing who the next Lebanese prime minister will be, and it is expected to be a close decision. In the past, Syria has wanted assurances that its priorities will be honored before elections have commenced, but it is unknown how they will factor into this race given their civil war. Besides concerns about Syria, there is the presence of Hezbollah, which is doing all it can to remain a part of Lebanese politics. However, this has been difficult due to its alliance with Iran, which alienates many other Islamic countries. In the past it has taken multiple groups in Lebanon to align in order to agree on a prime minister, and that is likely going to have to happen again, with the possibility that Miqati is returned to his former position. This is an important time in Lebanon’s sectarian democracy with threats from outside in addition to the usual internal struggles. The next few months will prove vital in assuring the democracy will continue.
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Ghattas Saab, Antoine. "Close Race Likely in Deliberations on New Prime Minister | News , Politics | THE DAILY STAR." The Daily Star Newspaper. The Daily Star, 02 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. <http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Politics/2013/Apr-02/212235-close-race-likely-in-deliberations-on-new-prime-minister.ashx>.
Kenner, David. "Lebanon's Government Comes Toppling down." Foreign Policy. The FP Group, 22 Mar. 2013. Web. 01 Apr. 2013. <http://blog.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/03/22/lebanons_government_comes_toppling_down>.