This is the class blog for PSCI 3062: Revolutions and Political Violence. The posts for this blog detail the current political processes in the Middle East & North Africa region building upon the theories discussed in class.
Monday, February 18, 2013
Tunisia’s Problem with Unemployment
There is universal agreement that unemployment (particular youth
unemployment) and poverty played a significant role in the Arab Spring. It is
said that high levels of youth unemployment and economic problems prompted civil
unrest and dissatisfaction with the government, which gave many young people
the time to network and organize. Tunisians are arguably the best-educated
people in North Africa, but Tunisia’s economy, especially in the inland regions
has failed to create opportunities for those with a college degree. These central lands are economically depressed and neglected for decades by various Tunisian governments.
We should care about this issue because Tunisia may be the most promising
young democracy in the region; but there is a universal agreement that if
economic development does not take place in the coming years, the country may
slide toward chaos. Consequences will not only be for Tunisia, but also for
Europe and beyond. The country could slide back down toward chaos because of
large protests, we have learned in class that nonviolent revolutions tend to
get more support and be more successful in bringing down a state. Since Tunisia youth unemployment is in
shambles it is leaving individuals to gather and organize and network to act against the
problem. We should also care about this issue because it has to do with
indirect diffusion effects that we have talked about in some of our readings.
The youth is also using their spare time to network or gather information from outside sources
of the state to bring motive to protest in order to act upon the problem of unemployment.
To help solve this problem of youth unemployment, student exchange
programs between Tunisia and the U.S. have been thought of that are established
at business schools or other universities business programs in both countries.
If successful, they could be adapted to other countries that have been changed by the Arab
Spring, such as Egypt and Morocco. This style of program should work both ways,
with Tunisian students studying in the United States and U.S students in Tunisia.
Students from both sides would be centered on their potential for designing and
carrying out an effective business project. For example assisting in running a local small business back home. The benefits of this program is that
students would be able to develop and practice business techniques that would
prove valuable in their careers and small businesses would be given interns
with the drive to improve their business. Also the development of such
activities would improve the economy of the depressed areas, and would improve
the prospects for American trade relations in the region. So in conclusion this
program could help bring more expertise and skills to the area while improving
the economy and creating more jobs for the younger youth.